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Cbd oil for dogs dose calculator

Cbd oil for dogs dose calculator

If you have spent any amount of time researching CBD dosing for dogs and cats, you may feel a small sense of frustration. Some companies instruct you to administer a full dropper once a day, while others recommend more specific amounts every 8 hours. Some even require you to convert your pet’s weight to kilograms in order to figure out the recommended dosage amount. Talk about confusing. We get it and we hope to provide some much-needed clarity on the subject of CBD dosing for dogs and cats.

Before we dive into the meat and potatoes of dosing, we will first cover some of the basics regarding CBD oil.

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of more than a hundred cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. CBD is the second most common cannabinoid after tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is most commonly known for the euphoric effects it causes (i.e. getting high). Other lesser-known (but still relevant) cannabinoids include: CBN, CBG, CBC and CBDA. Enough with the alphabet soup – let’s do a high level overview of the science behind CBD.

The Endocannabinoid System

When CBD enters the blood stream, it interacts with something known as the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is essentially a network of receptors and enzymes. Very simply, the role of the ECS is to regulate the flow of signals that are being sent between cells with the “goal of maintaining balance”.

The ECS regulates many of the body’s most important physiologic pathways, including:

  • Pain perception
  • Cardiovascular activity
  • Gastrointestinal activity
  • Maintenance of bone mass
  • Protection of neurons
  • Hormonal regulation
  • Metabolism control
  • Immune function
  • Inhibition of tumor cells
  • Inflammatory reactions

The importance of a healthy and balanced ECS for survival and overall well-being cannot be overstated.

As mentioned above, CBD is a cannabinoid and “cannabinoids” come from two different sources.

Phytocannabinoids vs Endocannabinoids – What is the Difference?

Both endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids interact with the ECS, but what is the difference? Endocannabinoids are produced by our bodies internally, while phytocannabinoids come from plants.

Endocannabinoids are made and released by cells on demand as a response to a trigger. Triggers include injury, illness, inflammation, or other imbalances. A properly functioning ECS will respond to these triggers until balance is restored or the issue no longer exists. However, not all animals and humans have an ECS functioning at 100% efficiency.

An endocannabinoid deficiency can result from many different things – sometimes it stems from genetics while in other cases it can be developed later in life. Studies have also shown that chronic stress or poor diet and exercise can also lead to ECS dysfunction.

This is where phytocannabinoids come into the picture. Phytocannabinoids can be used as a substitute for the lack of endocannabinoids being produced. Ultimately, they can fill in the gaps and ensure that the body has the tools it needs to take care of itself.

Where Does CBD Oil Come From?

CBD can be found in both hemp and marijuana plants. A common misconception is that hemp and marijuana are two different species of plants. While they do have notable differences, they are both part of the “cannabis” family. Legally the term “hemp” refers to cannabis that contains .3% or less THC. In 2018, the farm bill provided us with the legal definition of hemp and federally legalized all forms of cannabis that meet its criteria.

Marijuana on the other hand is legally defined as cannabis with greater than .3% THC content. While hemp is federally legal in all 50 states, marijuana is only legal in about half of those states. The THC potency of some marijuana plants can range from 5% all the way up to 30% – which is extremely high (no pun intended). While marijuana consumption is often times thought of as a recreational “party” plant, believe it or not it carries many health benefits as well. However, there are many who avoid it all together because they wish to bypass the “high” that comes with it. More specifically when discussing pets, it must be avoided at all costs.

Mary Jane and Pets

We’ve all seen movies or shows depicting pets getting “stoned” after getting into the owner’s stash. Often these scenes are intended to be comical and end with the pet getting the munchies and having profound thoughts or speaking to their owners. While Hollywood paints these scenes in a comical manner, the truth is much more scary.

Marijuana is toxic for animals. It can lead to severe poisoning and in some rare cases, it can even be fatal. Cats and dogs (dogs especially ) are reported to have a higher number of cannabinoid receptors in the brain compared to humans. This means that a small amount for a human can have a devastating impact on our fury friends.

Animals can become “high” for up to 72 hours and experience nasty side effects like:

  • Loss of balance
  • Disorientation
  • Confusion / anxiety
  • Drooling
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Seizures

If your pet ever consumes products derived from marijuana, we recommend contacting your vet immediately.

In order to avoid accidentally dosing your pet with CBD derived from marijuana, it is absolutely critical that your CBD is sourced from a reputable company. Furthermore, the product labeling must show a THC level lower than .3%, it must be intended for animal consumption and lastly independently tested for purity and safety.

At this point you may be concerned about the minor amount of THC in hemp (less than .3%). We completely understand your concerns and are happy to alleviate them. As long as your pet’s CBD is derived from hemp, the small amount of THC in the oil will not harm your sweet fur baby. In fact, many experts believe that trace amounts of THC actually enhances the overall healing properties of CBD oil.

Below we will dive into the different types of CBD oil.

Different Types of CBD Oil

Full Spectrum CBD Oil

Full spectrum oil is the most natural form of CBD oil and carries less than .3% THC. It is the least processed and contains all of the botanical properties of the cannabis plant to include: phytocannabinoids, terpenoids, flavonoids, fats & waxes.

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Broad Spectrum CBD Oil

Broad spectrum oil is a more filtered and processed version of full spectrum oil. During the filtration process, all THC is removed from the oil. Many of the phytonutrients are inevitably removed / eliminated as well, which results in a less natural end product.

CBD Isolate

CBD isolate, while being the purest form of CBD (usually 99% plus) is also the most processed form of CBD. To produce CBD isolate, manufacturers extract all the compounds and other substances from the cannabis plant, including THC. The process leaves behind pure CBD in crystal form.

Hemp Seed Oil

Hemp seed oil has no detectable amount of CBD or any other phytocannabinoids. While hemp seed oil is a great source of omega fatty acids, it has no therapeutic benefits. This type of oil is commonly “branded” as CBD oil on Amazon and marketed as authentic. It is important to note that the sale of real CBD oil on Amazon is prohibited.

Which Type of CBD Oil is Best for Your Dog or Cat?

Full spectrum CBD oil is by far the best option when it comes to quality and overall healing potential. Studies have found that phytocannabinoids have their own individual benefits when isolated from other phytocannabinoids. When used together as they occur in nature, they balance each other in a synergistic action known as the “the entourage effect”.

The “entourage effect” essentially means that the cannabinoids work better together in unison versus being isolated from one another.

Example of synergistic enhancement: both THC and CBD, when given separately, have been found to have pain-relieving properties, but studies show that THC enhances pain relief when used together with CBD, compared to CBD used by itself.

Not only does full spectrum CBD oil contain unaltered and naturally occurring phytocannabinoids, it also contains a full profile of terpenoids and flavonoids.

Terpenoids (also called terpenes) are the essential oils that exist in all plants, trees and flowers – including the cannabis plant. These oils give cannabis its odor, color and flavor. Over 200 terpenoids occur in different strains of the cannabis plant and each unique terpene offers its own set of therapeutic and medicinal benefits.

Flavonoids are compounds that give plants their pigmentation, filter ultraviolet rays, attract pollinators and prevent plant disease. Flavonoids have been shown in laboratory studies to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. They are also known to be anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-allergic.

Now that we have touched based on the different types of CBD oil, let’s discuss the importance of 3rd party testing.

Independent 3rd Party Testing

The CBD industry is unregulated for the most part. While the oil must contain less than .3% THC in order to remain federally legal, there are no other standards by which CBD companies are held to.

Luckily, a good portion of the CBD industry self regulates. That is to say, reputable companies will frequently publish independent laboratory results on their own. The 3rd party testing results are typically referred to as a COA (certificate of analysis) or just simply ‘lab results’.

Ultimately a COA will reveal the contents of the oil through the lens of an unbiased unaffiliated laboratory.

A thorough COA will test for:

  • Purity
  • Potency
  • Terpenoids
  • Pesticides
  • Mycotoxins
  • Harmful solvents
  • Heavy metals
  • Microbials

You may be surprised to hear that several companies (looking at you Amazon sellers) do not provide COAs. This is likely because a COA will reveal that the product is simply hemp seed oil (aka snake oil) with no therapeutic benefit.

In other cases, you may see companies that have one or two COAs but they date back 2+ years. This is another scenario that should set off red flags in your mind. Some companies will try to get away with testing their first batch or two for ‘transparency’, then stop testing future batches all together. Not only is this dishonest – it is also unsafe.

Hemp is used for “phytoremediation” which means that it can be intentionally planted to remove toxins and heavy metals from the soil. Typically hemp plants used for phytoremediation are disposed of or harvested and turned into fiber, clothing, paper or other commodities.

While phytoremediation is an amazing and sustainable way to clean up mother earth, this means that we must be extra careful when it comes to CBD products and brands that we trust. For example, 1/3 rd of the world’s hemp is produced in two Chinese providences. Given the historical lack of environmental regulation in China, one could only imagine what type of toxins and heavy metals lay in the soil.

For this very reason, it is absolutely critical that your CBD products are sourced from the USA and 3 rd party lab tested.

***Fun Fact*** In the late 90’s (after Chernobyl) a company called Phytotech began experimenting with industrial hemp in some polluted Ukrainian Regions. The results were extremely promising.

The Benefits of CBD Oil

Now that we have a solid foundation regarding the basics of CBD, let’s dive into the benefits of CBD oil for dogs and cats.

Our full spectrum CBD oil can help with:

  • Arthritis & Inflammation
  • Pain Management
  • Mobility Issues
  • Anxiety
  • Digestion Issues & Upset Stomachs
  • Old Age
  • Seizures
  • Depression
  • Skin & Allergy Issues
  • Immune System Support

Full spectrum CBD oil is also known to be:

  • Anti-diabetic (helps stabilize blood glucose levels)
  • Anti-bacterial (active against bacteria)
  • A bone stimulant (natural bone regeneration)
  • Cardio-protective (protects the heart)
  • Anti-proliferative (inhibits malignant cell spreading)
  • Neuroprotective (protects nerve cells from damage and degeneration)

The old saying of “good things come in small packages” holds true when it comes to full spectrum CBD oil and its overall therapeutic healing potential.

Before we dive into the details involving CBD dosing for dogs and cats, lets touch base on some potential side effects pets can experience with CBD oil.

Potential Side Effects of CBD for Dogs and Cats

Despite the large number of benefits CBD has, it is important to shed light on some of the potential side effects as well. While most of these side effects occur as a result of high dosing, there is one potential side effect that can interfere with your pet’s prescribed medications.

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A clinical study conducted in 2019 drew a link between CBD consumption and a decrease in liver enzyme production. This reduction could prevent proper metabolization of prescription drugs your pet may be on. During the clinical trial, mice were given varying amounts of CBD oil over the course of ten days. According to the study, the only groups that experienced significant increases in liver activity were given extremely large amounts of CBD in proportion to their weight. To put things into perspective, the mice were given 279 MG of CBD per pound. Here at Mile High Pawducts, our highest recommended dosage amount is .25 MG per pound, while our lowest dosage amount is .05 MG per pound. We are not disputing the results from the study, but rather providing additional context for transparency sake. With that being said, if your pet is on any prescription medication we strongly recommend consulting with your Vet prior to starting them on CBD oil to err on the side of caution.

Other minor side effects that can occur with too large of a dose include:

  • Lethargy
  • Vomiting / Upset Stomach
  • Dry mouth
  • Minor drops in blood pressure
  • Diarrhea

In order to avoid these minor side effects, we recommend starting your pet off with a low dose for the first two weeks. This allows you to gauge their response to they oil and serves as a gradual way to incorporate it into their daily routine.

How To Determine Optimal CBD Dosage

So, you’ve received your bottle of CBD, now you’re probably wondering “Where do I even start?” Well, we are here to help guide you through the process of finding your pet’s optimal CBD Dosage! Let’s start with this introductory video from our Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Zac Pilossoph:

Watch a video

Thanks Dr. Zac! Now, let’s dive into the basics!

CBD Dog Health tinctures are designed so each dropper contains a benchmark dose that will be effective for most pets. This dosage works for a majority of cases, however to find the optimal CBD dosage for dogs or pets, you may need more or less CBD, depending on a number of factors. (we’ll get to those shortly!)

CBD Dog Health tinctures are applied with a dropper that measures one milliliter of oil (ml). You will notice graduated markings on the side of the dropper that allow for accurate dosing below 1 ml. This allows you to be specific with your CBD dosage for dogs, cats and other pets.

Since we recommend dosage by milligrams (mg’s) – here is a guide to knowing how many milligrams of CBD are in one dropper of each tincture.

Determining CBD Dosage for Dogs, Cats and Pets

The first thing to do when starting a CBD regimen, is spend some time determining optimal dosage of CBD oil for dogs, cats and pets.

Despite common misconceptions, dosing CBD oil for dogs and pets has very little to do with size and weight. CBD Dosage for dogs, cats, and other pets is most effectively determined with consideration for each animal’s unique physiological condition and health status.

This includes factors such as:

  • Their endocannabinoid system
  • Age
  • Metabolism
  • Disease process
  • Current health and wellness status
  • Other individual health factors

Unfortunately, there is no accurate “CBD oil for dogs dosage calculator.”

Until you start your pet on a CBD regimen, there is no way to be sure exactly how they will react, which makes CBD dosing for dogs and pets not so simple. Sensitivity ranges greatly between dogs and can even change over time based on age or chronic illness.

That’s why we recommend a trial and error method to determine the optimal CBD dosage for dogs, cats and pets. Start low and go slow as you increase dosage and find a stable regimen, monitoring your pet’s response each step of the way.

BEST PRACTICETrack their response in a journal!

Simple Pet CBD Calculator & Dosage Info

Many pet owners have heard about the benefits of CBD in treating a wide range of ailments that can affect their loved four-legged friends. While we know it is beneficial, it can be difficult to work out just how much is an optimal CBD oil dosage. We at OC Wellness Solutions want to make this an easier process for both experienced and new pet owners. Use our pet CBD calculator to help determine the correct CBD dosage for your dog or cat based on their size or weight. Unlike a CBD dosage chart, it will provide a specific recommendation down to the drop based on your pet’s weight, CBD oil strength, and condition severity.

CBD oil is a great way to provide natural relief for your pet, but it’s important to know how much to give to provide an optimal dosage. The ideal CBD dose may vary depending on the severity of the condition being treated and other factors such as age, weight, and diet.

Pet CBD Dosage Calculator

Comparing types of pet CBD products

One area of confusion for many pet parents is the wide variety of CBD products on the market, both in strength and quality. Ensure that any product you use is lab tested and made with quality ingredients. Ultimately you want the best treatment outcome and quality of life improvement so due diligence in selecting a product and correct dosage is important.

CBD oil is just one of the many forms of CBD products available on the market today. While it is the most popular, it is not necessarily the best option for every pet or situation. Other products to consider include CBD capsules, soft chews, and treats. CBD capsules may be a good option for pets that are picky eaters or for those who prefer not to administer oils. CBD treats and chews are a great way to make giving your pet their daily dose of CBD fun and easy.

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Broad spectrum Pet CBD oil is a tincture that contains all of the cannabinoids present in a hemp plant, but all THC has been removed. This can be especially useful for pets that require a high dosage of CBD without giving a correspondingly higher level of THC. While the entourage effect of having all present cannabinoids does provide real benefits, it’s not ideal for all situations and pets. Broad spectrum oil is a great solution that will work with all pets to promote a healthy life. Some conditions such seizures and cancer can really benefit from high doses of CBD and broad spectrum oil fulfills this need well.

Full spectrum Pet CBD oil contains all of the naturally occurring cannabinoids in the hemp plant. The benefit of having all of them present is what is known as the entourage effect. These cannabinoids work in conjunction for better absorption and interaction with cannabinoid receptors. Working together this helps to improve the potency and ability of CBD to be more rapidly absorbed into the body. Many pet owners have had great success with full spectrum treatments for a wide variety of conditions and it is especially useful in helping to alleviate pain.

CBD dog treats are by far the easiest way to incorporate CBD into your pets diet and manage dosage is with a healthy treat. You can find a wide variety of treats to fit your pets discerning taste to make medicine time that much easier. OC Wellness pet treats are made with ingredients that provide natural health benefits such and help promote overall well being. CBD pet treats provide all the benefits of CBD in a delicious and easy to administer treat. If your pet is resistant to taking their medicine, this may be the best option for you.

Conditions where CBD helps pets

CBD is a fantastic option for helping your pet deal manage a variety of conditions . Some of the most common use cases include idiopathic epilepsy, anxiety, arthritis, pain, inflammation, and cancer. Over a quarter of dogs will be diagnosed with arthritis in their lifetime and CBD is especially helpful as it shares a metabolic pathway with anti-inflammatory drugs. A dog’s weight when on the high side can put extra strain on their joints and taking CBD can provide relief to a furry friend. If your pet’s weight is higher do note it will typically require a high dosage product for the optimal benefit.

For pets that suffer from idiopathic epilepsy CBD infused products can be effective at reducing the frequency of seizures. If your pet suffers from anxiety a daily dosage of CBD can greatly help with improving their quality of life. Ultimately, with it being such a safe product that promotes overall wellness it really can be incorporated into their diet even absent a specific condition. Preventative medicine can often be some of the best and most effective for your dog.

How to give CBD to your pet

Fortunately, with our pet products being in treat or oil form, this makes giving them their proper dosage exceedingly easy. Most dogs aren’t known for their receptiveness to taking medication so make it a fun and enjoyable experience for them. If you’re using a CBD oil tincture a popular method is to apply directly from the dropper on to their favorite food or treat.

Dropping the oil directly into their mouth is perfectly fine and if you make it a happy experience for them they’ll be all the more willing. Trust us, it’s a lot easier than trying to play the “hide the pill in cheese” routine we’re all too used to. Our calculator will provide the exact amount of CBD in drops of your tincture for accurate dosing by your pet’s weight. Therapeutic effects can come on quickly and the right CBD dosage will provide relief from muscle soreness to severe arthritis.

Can you give your pet too much CBD?

While it is low risk, it is recommended to consult with your veterinarian prior to starting any new health regimen. Current rules do not allow veterinarians to prescribe or dispense CBD products but they are free to talk with you about it as part of a health regimen or what therapeutic benefits it may offer. With large doses of CBD your pet could be sleepier or sedated, these are not permanent effects and will wear off with time. Your pets weight in pounds and severity of their condition will help determine the optimal dose for their size. It is best to start with smaller dosages for pets before moving to a strong dose though. It should also be noted that CBD can interact with some medications and it’s important to discuss your treatment goals with your veterinarian and possible effects.

If you are using full spectrum pet CBD oil it is possible that high doses would contain an amount of THC that could make your pet uncomfortable, for those cases a broad spectrum pet CBD oil would be a better option. Pet CBD should be treated as medicine and kept out of easy reach for them, especially if you’re using a tasty treat. Use our online dosage calculator to find the right effect unique to their body and conditions.

Are CBD Dog Treats or is CBD Oil better for my dog?

If your goal is to provide a strong dose then a CBD oil will be an easier and less expensive route, it also allows for precise measurement and dosing by drops. Large dogs and those with more severe health conditions will need a significantly higher amount for an effective dosage and this can be done much easier with a pet CBD tincture dropper. However, for those looking for a low level of dosage and as part of a daily wellness routine, pre-made pet CBD treats can be an easy and well-received route. Finding the perfect dose will take experimentation but our CBD dosage calculator will help give you a starting point. We find starting with a lower amount before moving to a strong dose the best way to get started.