What dose of CBD oil do I use for my dog?
If you are wondering when and how to use CBD oil for your dog, you’re not alone! Luckily we have some controlled research to help guide us in our decision for dosing hemp and CBD products for dogs. (1, 2)
Based on the latest research about CBD use in dogs, we know that 1-2 milligrams per kilogram CBD is a good starting point for most dogs. Now, use the dog’s weight to determine how that might look:
Example: 45 pound border collie with joint pain. Divide 45lb by 2.2 and you get 20.45kg. 20-40milligrams of CBD would be appropriate.
To avoid conversion, you can use 0.45-0.9 milligrams per pound CBD. Multiply by the dogs weight (in this case, 45lb) and you will also get 20-40 milligrams of CBD per dose.
Importantly, you must know how many milligrams per milliliter (or bottle) is in your pet’s CBD product. Reputable companies should have mg/ml or total bottle mg count and volume right on the label. At VetCS, we make easy dosing instructions available on every bottle. Week 1 dose is 2mg/kg and Week 2+ dose is 1mg/kg.
Going back to the border collie, if you bought a 1200mg bottle of CBD oil and it’s total volume is 30ml, then that formula is 40mg/ml. We wanted 20-40mg CBD per dose, so you would give 0.5-1ml twice daily to help the joint pain. We often recommend the higher dosing amount (1ml in this case) for moderate to severe pain.
How often should you dose CBD? Research has shown that the half-life range in dogs given CBD oil is 3-4.2 hours. (3,4) That means dosing twice daily is best for your pup. However, when using CBD to relieve anxiety (car trips, thunderstorms, etc), simply dosing 30 minutes before an anticipated stressful event is all you need to give. For other conditions such as mobility issues, seizures, and decreased appetite, twice daily dosing is recommended to best help your dog.
Remember that dosing is dependent on condition as well. Dogs with anxiety typically respond to much lower doses of CBD (0.25-0.5mg/kg) than dogs continuing to have seizures despite numerous pharmaceuticals. In these instances, talking to your veterinarian is best with pets that are already on medications. Alternatively, our team at VetCS can help you determine dosing, just contact us by phone, email, or chat!
CBD Dosage for Dogs: How Much Should I Give My Dog?
Still not sure how to figure out how much CBD you should give your dog?
As a team of CBD aficionados and pet lovers obsessed with their puppies, we’ll be more than happy to help you find the right dose of cannabidiol (CBD) for your furry friend.
And if you’re here for the first time wondering why on earth we would even consider giving CBD to a dog, here’s a quick reminder:
Dogs and cats have an endocannabinoid system, too – just like humans.
That being said, CBD, a powerful compound found in the cannabis plant, shows great potential as an alternative form of treatment for dogs, cats, and other pets that are struggling with a range of health conditions.
Finding the right dose of CBD can be tricky, as there are plenty of factors that can determine the effects it will have on your dog or cat.
We’ll cover all you need to know about dosing CBD for pets and walk you through the best dosage guidelines for different forms of CBD consumption.
Things to Consider Before Giving CBD to Your Dog
Figuring out the right CBD oil dosage for your dog can be a hard nut to crack, especially for pet owners who are just getting started with CBD for pets.
We’ll use dogs as an example because that’s where we have the most experience; however, the same guidelines apply to cats and other (mammalian) pets.
There are three essential factors to take into consideration prior to buying CBD for your pet:
1. Consumption Method
One of the factors that determine how much CBD you will give your dog is the type of product you use, along with the brand you’re using.
CBD products for dogs come in 4 main forms:
- CBD and Hemp oil
- Topical rubs
- Treats (edibles)
CBD and hemp oils are by far the best option for dogs as they offer the highest bioavailability. This means that less CBD is needed to produce the effects you want.
However, not every dog will like the distinct taste of CBD oil, so if that’s the case, CBD dog treats would do the trick.
Not only will they taste better – imagine flavors like Chicken & Bacon or Roasted Duck – but they also come with a fixed CBD dose.
This way, you know exactly how much CBD you’re giving your dog.
However, there’s one downside to using CBD dog treats:
They’re much slower.
The cannabinoids in the treats need to pass through your dog’s digestive system to make it into the bloodstream. This means the effects will have a slower onset time than oils and your dog may receive less CBD overall.
The same applies to CBD capsules for dogs, but capsules just aren’t as enjoyable for the dogs as the treats.
The benefits of capsules, however, are that they have a higher fixed dose, and are more reliable in the level of effects they’ll produce.
2. Your Pet’s Size
It’s no surprise that the CBD dosage for vary depending on your dog’s size. But how do I determine what dose is correct?
The general rule is that larger dogs need more CBD to experience the effects than smaller puppies. Some brands provide their own dosage charts based on the weight of your dog. This makes dosing easier from the start.
Keep reading to learn specific dosage guidelines depending on the size of your dog.
3. The Severity of Your Dog’s Condition
Finally, keep in mind that your dog’s condition can also affect how much CBD should you give him/her.
The more severe the condition, the higher the dose they’ll likely need to alleviate the discomfort.
If you want to supplement your dog with CBD oil, low doses will usually suffice, but for anxiety or joint pain, you’ll need to increase the dosage and observe the effects until you hit the sweet spot.
General CBD Dosage Guidelines For Dogs
For general supplementation or mild conditions, the exact amount of drops in a CBD oil to meet the estimated dosage will vary between products.
In general, 2-4 drops taken two to four times a day are recommended.
You can also adjust the dosage, based on the size of your pet and his/her condition we’ve just talked about.
A CBD capsule, in turn, will contain between 5-20 mg of CBD each. The dose of encapsulated CBD is around 1 tablet taken once or twice per day.
As for pet treats, they will vary in concentrations of CBD.
Always check if your CBD company provides dosing instructions at the back of the package. If it does, it’s best to follow the instructions.
Actually, regardless of the product you use, we always recommend following the dosage instructions that came with it and based on this, adjust the dose as needed.
We recommend starting at the low end of the dose, and increasing gradually once you know how your dog will respond.
How to Figure Out How Much CBD You Should Give to Your Dog By Size
To make it easy for you, we’ll break down exactly how to choose the right dose for your dog based on their size (measured in weight).
Some people prefer to use a very small dose, no matter what size their dog is and working up from there.
A rough starting dose to do this is 1 mg.
This allows you to gradually work your way up the optimal dose without wasting too much CBD oil in the process.
Even large dogs are about ⅓ the size of average humans, so considering that in humans, the jumping-off point is around 1-3 mg, the above figure makes sense.
To begin with, let’s discuss how much CBD you should give to your dog, based on relative weight.
1. Small (2-15 lbs)
Extra small dogs will need the least amount of CBD, which may sound relieving at first.
But there’s a catch.
Tiny dogs have a super-fast metabolism!
You will need to increase the frequency of CBD administration to 3-4 doses per day, instead of 1 or 2 with larger dogs.
If your dog is suffering from pain, the starting CBD dose of 1 mg may be enough for the beginning.
For behavioral conditions like dogs with anxiety, we recommend measuring out ½ mg worth of oil and adding a couple of drops if you don’t see any improvement for the next 3-5 days of use.
As for a routine, it’s best to start by administering CBD twice daily.
Each time you want to increase the dosage, you can do it in 2 mg increments until your dog finds some relief.
Nevertheless, try not to exceed 15 mg CBD doses in extra small dogs.
Remember that these are all relative figures, and should not be taken as medical advice or as a veterinary recommendation.
2. Medium-Small (15 – 30 lbs)
Having done in-depth research on different CBD dosages for medium dogs, we’ve noticed that many people achieve success with a 2 mg dose, and increasing by 3 mg until they get some results
This data refers to dogs suffering from pain and arthritis.
For psychological conditions and poor appetite, try using half the dose above (1 mg of CBD).
For most medium sized dogs this should do the trick.
Dog owners who want to help their friends with anxiety are recommended to increase doses by no more than 2 mg, keeping mind that they shouldn’t exceed 2 doses per day.
The maximum dose of CBD for a dog of this size is about 20 mg per day.
Like we said before, larger dogs require more CBD to experience the desired effects.
What’s an appropriate initial dose of CBD for dogs with general pain?
It’s generally believed that a 1-3 mg dose of CBD is a good starting point, depending on the level of the pain.
If you’re not seeing the results you want to try increasing by 3 mg.
For behavioral conditions (lack of focus), psychological disorders (panic, anxiety), and poor appetite, the recommended initial dose is 1 mg twice a day.
Make sure to keep a watchful eye on your dog’s behavior to notice if the effects of CBD are kicking in.
If not, increase the dose by no more than 2 mg.
The maximum dose for CBD for a dog of this size is about 30 mg per day.
4. Large (60 – 150 lbs)
Owners of large dogs should follow the same general recommendations as for medium-large dogs.
With very large dogs, you can expect to have a much higher dose, however, it’s best to work your way up slowly by 3 mg per dose until you find signs of relief.
Getting The Dose Right With Different CBD Products
So now that you know the mg of CBD you should use on your dog or cat, you may be wondering how this applies to different CBD products.
After all, not all CBD products contain the same concentration of CBD.
Calculating the right dose of Cannabidiol may look like a cutscene from the “Beautiful Mind” movie, so we’ll help you out a bit.
Below, we share specific details about CBD dosing for dogs using common strengths and volumes.
1. CBD or Hemp Oil
CBD oil for dogs typically comes in 150, 300, and 600 mg bottles. Here are the basic dosage tips for this kind of CBD.
Here’s a quick reference to how the different CBD concentrations work out in drops.
How Much CBD Oil Should I Give My Dog?
CBD dosage for pets may seem difficult at first glance, but once you understand the basic measurements and do simple math, you’ll be able to easily gauge the optimal dosage for your furry friend.
Dogs and other pets have an endocannabinoid system — just like humans.
Therefore, it can produce similar effects in our four-legged friends, boosting their health in a natural and safe way.
For many people, cannabis and pets don’t go well together in one sentence due to the stigma associated with THC.
Of course, THC can have an intoxicating effect on your dog, leading to a few unwanted side effects, but in this article, we focus solely on CBD.
CBD, as you may already know, is non-intoxicating; it can even counter the psychoactive high from THC.
Hemp-derived CBD oils contain up to 0.3% THC, which isn’t enough to get your pet “stoned.”
Without further ado, let’s take a look at different CBD dosages for dogs so you can easily figure out how much CBD you should give your pup.
Benefits of CBD Oil for Dogs
CBD can help your dog in many aspects, from minor discomforts to more serious health concerns. As mentioned, dogs have endocannabinoid systems that regulate major biological processes within their bodies. The ability to maintain self-regulation is known as homeostasis.
A healthy endocannabinoid system ensures proper communication between every other network in your dog’s body.
Here are some of the most common problems CBD oil can help your dog with:
- Anxiety and stress
- Joint stiffness and impaired mobility
- Digestive issues
In addition, studies have linked CBD to the earlier death of cancer cells and slower tumor development in certain types of cancer.
Please note that the above information is based on preclinical research and is not intended to provide medical advice. If you need professional guidance for giving your dog CBD oil, consult a veterinarian who has the knowledge about the benefits of CBD for pets. A qualified veterinarian will also help you figure out how much CBD oil you should give your dog.
How Much CBD Should I Give My Dog? 5 Things to Consider
For pet owners who are just getting started with using CBD oil, figuring out the right CBD dosage for their dogs can be difficult.
There are five major factors that influence the amount of CBD you should give your dog:
- Consumption method
- The potency of CBD in your product
- Your dog’s size (weight)
- The severity of symptoms
- Your dog’s activity level
Let’s elaborate on each of these factors.
1. Consumption Method
CBD comes in many different forms; however, for dogs and other pets, these options are limited when compared to humans.
There are 3 main forms in which you can find CBD for dogs:
- CBD oil
- Topical creams
CBD oil is by far the best product for dogs because it combines high bioavailability with a long duration of effects.
However, not every dog will like the distinct earthy taste of full-spectrum CBD oil. If you have a fussy dog, you may consider adding CBD pet treats into its diet. CBD edibles usually taste better than oil and offer a fixed CBD dose in each serving, which definitely wins over CBD oil in terms of convenience.
However, the effects of CBD edibles may need more time to take hold, usually within 30–90 minutes after ingestion. And since the CBD must be metabolized in your dog’s digestive system, it will receive less CBD overall.
Topical creams infused with CBD work best for localized problems when your dog suffers from different types of physical discomfort. This type of product is the easiest to dose because you apply it as needed. Topicals are also relatively fast-acting because the CBD doesn’t absorb into the bloodstream; instead, they bind to cannabinoid receptors in the deeper layers of your dog’s skin.
2. The Size of Your Pet
As with any health supplement, the dosage is most often calculated by weight.
Generally speaking, smaller puppies will need less CBD to experience the same effects as larger dogs. Some CBD products have their dosage recommendation listed on the bottles, which makes dosing easier from the start.
The larger your dog, the more CBD oil you’ll need to give them. Sometimes, you’ll need to choose a higher potency option to make your dog’s supplementation affordable in the long run.
This brings us to the next point.
3. The Potency of CBD in Your Product
Potency refers to the number of milligrams contained in each milliliter of the oil. A single CBD serving size for dogs is usually ½ – 1 mL, so if a bottle contains 30 mL of CBD oil, you have about 30–60 servings per bottle.
If you have a small dog, you can choose from the lowest potency options. But with larger dogs, low-potency oils may prove cost-prohibitive over time.
If your dog needs to consume more than 1 mL of CBD oil daily, we recommend that you switch to a more potent oil.
4. The Severity of Your Dog’s Condition
CBD offers many great benefits for your dog’s health, but it’s not a miracle drug. Although Royal CBD products can improve your dog’s daily life, they are not intended to prevent, diagnose, or treat any medical condition.
With that said, the amount of CBD oil you should give your dog will depend on the severity of symptoms they experience. If the symptoms include mild anxiety or temporary joint pain, your dog may need smaller doses to manage them. In case of a more severe condition, pet owners often choose high-potency oils to find the effective dosage. This is especially true for large dogs.
5. The Dog’s Activity Level
This factor is also important to take into account because your dog’s activity level determines the pace at which CBD will be metabolized in their system. When it comes to drug metabolism, we once again recommend that you speak to your dog’s veterinarian to avoid potential interactions between CBD and any medication that your dog may be on at the time.
General CBD Dosage Recommendations for Dogs
While we won’t tell you exactly how much CBD oil you should give your dog, there are a few tips we can share with you to make your dog’s CBD routine more accurate.
Based on the dog’s weight, you can start out with 2–5 mg of CBD per day and continue with the dosage for about a week. Monitor the effects, and if you don’t see any difference in the symptoms, you can increase the dose by 2–5 mg for another week. Repeat until you find a dose that works for your dog.
A reputable company should provide its dosage recommendations at the back of the bottle. You can use them as a decent point of reference for your trial and error.
Always start at the low end of the dose, increasing gradually once you know how your dog responds to CBD oil.
Size Matters: Figuring Out How Much CBD Oil You Should Give Your Dog by Weight
In this section, we’ll cover different CBD dosage recommendations for dogs based on their size — measured in weight.
Dogs are smaller than humans, so they generally need less CBD to achieve the desired effects. Even large dogs are about ⅓ the size of an average human, so the initial dose around 1–3 mg CBD makes sense.
Let’s take a look at how much CBD your dog will need by relative weight.
1. CBD Dosage for Extra Small Dogs (2–15 lbs)
For extra small dogs, it’s best to use the least amount of CBD.
However, tiny dogs have an exceptionally fast metabolism, meaning their body will break down CBD faster and make it less available for the body.
Increasing the frequency of CBD administration to 3–4 doses per day should do the trick.
If your dog has never taken CBD before, the initial CBD dose of 1 mg may be enough for a start.
For behavioral problems like anxiety, we suggest that you measure out ½ mg worth of oil and add a few drops later if you don’t see improvements for the next, say, 5 days of use.
It’s best to start by giving your dog CBD oil twice daily. Each time you want to up the dosage, you can use 2-mg increments until your dog finds some relief.
Extra small dogs shouldn’t take more than 15 mg CBD daily.
Keep in mind that these are just general figures and shouldn’t be taken as a veterinary recommendation or medical advice.
2. CBD Dosage for Small Dogs (15 – 30 lbs)
After surveying our customers on different CBD dosages for medium dogs, we’ve noticed that many pet owners achieve success with a starting dose of 2 mg, and increasing it by 3 mg until they feel the difference.
For most medium-sized dogs, a dose of 5 mg CBD daily should do the trick. The maximum dose of CBD for a dog that weighs less than 30 lbs is about 20 mg per day.
3. CBD Dosage for Medium Dogs (30 – 60 lbs)
As mentioned, larger dogs may need more CBD to experience the desired effects.
How much CBD oil should you give a medium dog at first?
It’s generally believed that a dose of 3 mg CBD is a good starting point, depending on the severity of your dog’s symptoms.
For behavioral conditions like anxiety, ADHD, or poor appetite, we recommend giving your dog 3 mg of CBD twice a day.
Make sure to monitor your dog’s behavior to notice if the effects of CBD are taking hold.
If you don’t see any difference, increase the dose by another 3 mg, trying not to go beyond 30 mg per day.
4. CBD Dosage for Large Dogs (60–150 lbs)
For the owners of large dogs, we recommend following the same general guidelines as for medium dogs. However, if you have a very large dog, you can expect to have a much higher dose. Every dog may react differently to CBD, so again, we suggest that you start at the lowest dosage and slowly work your way up by 3-5 mg per dose until your dog experiences signs of relief.
CBD for Dogs Dosing Chart
Wondering how much CBD oil you should give your dog? Here’s a quick overview of the dosage recommendations based on different weight groups:
|Dog’s weight||Mild effects||Medium effects||Strong effects|
|10 lbs||1 mg||3 mg||5 mg|
|20 lbs||2 mg||6 mg||10 mg|
|30 lbs||3 mg||8 mg||15 mg|
|40 lbs||4 mg||10 mg||20 mg|
|50 lbs||5 mg||12 mg||25 mg|
|60 lbs||6 mg||14 mg||30 mg|
|70 lbs||7 mg||16 mg||35 mg|
|80 lbs||8 mg||18 mg||40 mg|
|90 lbs||9 mg||20 mg||45 mg|
|100 lbs||10 mg||24 mg||50 mg|
At Royal CBD, we cover the entire potency spectrum of CBD oils, with two low-strength options for dogs of different sizes. In the next section, we explain how much CBD oil you should give your dog using our products.
Get the Right Dose for Your Dog With Royal CBD Oil
For dogs, we usually recommend our 250 mg and 500 mg bottles. Owners of extra large dogs should find the 1000 mg bottle the most affordable in the long run. Here are the basic dosage guidelines for this type of CBD: