One of the easiest ways to cook with cannabis is to make cannabutter and one of the easiest ways to make cannabutter is in an Instant Pot. Here’s how. Making weed butter in the Instant Pot is easy and straightforward. This Instant Pot cannabutter recipe combines decarboxylation and infusion into one single process.
How to make cannabutter in an Instant Pot
One of the easiest ways to cook with cannabis is to make your own cannabutter, and one of the easiest ways to make your own cannabutter is in an Instant Pot. We’ve already walked you through how to make cannabutter the old-fashioned way (on the stove), but if you’re looking to cut back on time and effort, it’s time to whip out the Instant Pot, a.k.a one of 2019s most popular kitchen gadgets .
Any chef that’s worth their salt prepares their workspace and ingredients before they start cooking, so here’s what you’ll need before you can make cannabutter in your Instant Pot:
- Instant Pot (duh)
- ½ ounce of your favorite flower
- 1 cup of butter (can be subbed with virtually any fat)
- A grinder
- 16 oz canning jar with two lids
- 2-3 cups water
- Cheesecloth (pantyhose works, too!)
Now that you’ve gathered all the materials, it’s time to roll up your sleeves and get started. (Or should we say it’s time to turn on your Instant Pot and sit on the couch while it works its magic?)
Step 1: Decarb your cannabis
When it comes to decarbing cannabis, you can do it in the Instant Pot or in the oven. Here’s how to do it in the Instant Pot:
- Grind your cannabis until it’s fine (but not powdery)
- Place it in the canning jar with the lid loosely closed
- Add two cups of water to the Instant Pot
- Place the jar in the water. The water should reach the middle of the jar; remove or add water accordingly.
- Once the jar of cannabis is situated, set the Instant Pot for 30-40 minutes on high.
- When the time is up, remove the jar and let it rest.
If you want to use the oven, set the jar in a 225-degree oven for about 30-40 minutes. It’s decarbed once it smells piney and turns dark green in color.
Step 2: Add fat
Cannabutter isn’t cannabutter without the butter, so this step is essential. Although it’s called cannabutter, you can add pretty much any fat you’d like — coconut oil and butter are great for baking with, but if you plan on using your cannabutter in savory foods, you can use olive oil or avocado oil. As long as it’s fatty in nature, it’ll do the trick.
For this step, you’ll want to melt the butter in the microwave, pour the melted butter into the jar (only fill it halfway), stir to distribute evenly, and place a new lid on the jar. Place it back in the Instant Pot, adding water so it reaches the middle of the jar, and cook on the high-pressure setting for 20 minutes.
Step 3: Chill out and let it cool
For step three, allow the Instant Pot to naturally release pressure (this usually takes about 40 minutes – make sure the “Keep Warm” setting is on), remove the jar, and let it cool. Once it’s cool enough to handle with your bare hands, pour the cannabutter through a cheesecloth (or pantyhose!) into a mixing bowl or canning jar. Put a lid on it, and you’re good to go! Refrigeration is optimal for storage.
Since this step involves a whole lot of hanging out, may we suggest passing the time with Edibles 101: A Beginner’s Guide to Cannabis Edibles? You’ll learn how edibles work, how much you should eat, and how long they take to work, among other tidbits of information. If you’re not in the mood to read, there’s always tons of 420-friendly content on Netflix , Hulu, and Amazon.
Some final tips
Whether it’s your first time cooking with cannabis or you consider yourself a professional canna-chef, it never hurts to refresh yourself on the basics:
- Eating cannabis-laced foods tends to be more intense than smoking – your body is digesting cannabinoids directly into your bloodstream instead of filtering them through your lungs.
- For best results, start small and slow. You can always eat more, but you can’t do much once cannabis is already in your system. (These tips can help, though.)
- The effects of edibles can take anywhere from 30-190 minutes to kick in, so time your consumption accordingly!
- The ultimate potency of your cannabutter will depend on a variety of factors, including how long it cooked, the temperature at which it cooked, and the strength of the strain you used . It’s not a perfect science, so making the perfect cannabutter will require some experimentation.
Keep your eyes peeled for more cannabis content from CULTA, and in the meantime, check out the Top Eight Mistakes When Cooking with Cannabis so you know what to avoid when you use your cannabutter.
Instant Pot Cannabutter
Making weed butter in the Instant Pot is easy and straightforward. This Instant Pot cannabutter recipe combines decarboxylation and infusion into one single process. I will share tips on using both the cannabis buds and sugar leaves.
I made this cannabutter to be medium-low strength, so that one can gradually increase the amount they consume for the desired effects. You can easily customize the potency by changing the amount of cannabis used in the recipe too.
How Much Cannabis Should I Use?
In this recipe, I used 1/4 cup dried plant (buds or sugar leaves) to 1 cup of butter. Before arriving at this ratio, I tested other ratio too and collected feedback from my taste testers. I find this ratio works the best, whether one were to consume the cannabutter straight or use it in other edible recipes.
At this ratio, the cannabutter is of medium-low strength, which means the amount of cannabutter consumed can be easily adjusted to suit people of different tolerance level. It is also suitable for making other low-dose edibles. Lower dosage is ideal for helping with sleep, anxiety and pain without being too overwhelming to the consumers.
If you want to change the plant to butter ratio, I suggest using between 2 tablespoons and 1 cup of cannabis to 1 cup of butter. You can still follow the same instructions in the recipe below, and the steps are the same otherwise.
Cannabis Buds vs. Sugar Leaves
Sugar leaves are the tiny leaves around the buds. Although people don’t smoke the sugar leaves, they are perfect in edibles. The sugar leaves contain less THC and CBD than the buds, so you would need to use slightly more to achieve the same level of potency.
How much more exactly? I haven’t been able to find the answer through research and calculation. But I have experimented so that I can share my findings from experience.
When you use the marijuana flower buds, you want to grind them down into coarse flakes first. Because of the extra space taken up by the buds, once they are broken down, they are less in volume as shown in the photo below. 1/4 cup of buds yield between 2 and 3 tablespoons of flakes.
When converting volume to weight, 1/4 cup sugar leaves weigh roughly 5 grams, and 1/4 cup buds (broken down to about 2 1/2 tablespoons of flakes) weigh roughly 3 grams. When I made 2 batches of cannabutter using 1/4 cup of the buds vs. the sugar leaves, they have roughly the same potency according to taste tests.
Note that if you are using the cannabis shake (the leftover broken pieces of buds in the bottom of your jar), you should use about 2 1/2 tablespoons.
Potency of Homemade Cannabutter
During my experimentation and reading, I learned that it’s impossible to accurately measure potency when making edibles in a home kitchen. Besides not having the equipments to test THC and CBD content, it’s also extremely difficult to derive the amount of THC and CBD from calculation. The conversion rate during cooking process can vary, depending on method, temperature and duration. The particular strain of the plant and the soil the plant is grown in also make the strength of your homemade edibles unpredictable.
Keeping all these in mind, the 1/4 cup plant in this recipe is the amount I personally like to use. It’s a simple and straightforward quantity for both the whole buds and sugar leaves.
Ultimately, the best way to test out potency of your cannabutter is through tasting. Over time, you may adjust the plant to butter ratio to your own preference.
Decarboxylation and Infusion in Instant Pot
The main reason I used Instant Pot to make my cannabutter is that I can combine decarboxylation and infusion in one process. Most commonly people decarboxylate cannabis in the oven, and infuse butter with cannabis by boiling butter on the stovetop.
In addition to the convenience of a one-pot recipe, Instant Pot also provides ideal and consistent temperatures for decarboxylation and infusion.
Separating Cannabis Pulp from Cannabutter
After the butter is infused with cannabis, it takes on a yellowish-green colour. In the photo below, the left jar is infused with sugar leaves, and the right jar is infused with the flower buds. In both, the white milk solids have sunk to the bottom of the jars. The clear butter fat flows on the top.
What we want to keep in the end is the butter fat. I collect them by straining the content of the jars while it’s still hot. Note that when the butter cools down it will solidify, therefore we want to strain it in the liquid form.
When straining, I try to keep the content undisturbed – slowly pouring the butter fat through a coffee filter catching the cannabis pulp, and leaving as much milk solids behind as possible. Some milk solids will get through after the first straining, and I usually filter my cannabutter for the second and third time in order to eliminate as much milk solids as possible. This is to help the cannabutter last longer in the fridge. But if you are using the cannabutter within days, you don’t need to worry about the white milk solids mixing in the cannabutter.
After straining and filtering, I will keep the white milk solids and cannabis pulp. They still contain a lot of beneficial compounds, and it would be a waste to throw them away after infusing the butter. I repurpose the pulp along with the leftover milk solids in my gluten-free cannabis peanut butter cookies.
How to Use Cannabutter
You can consume the cannabutter straight, by adding it into coffee or hot chocolate, spreading on toast, or melting into your pasta. I recommend starting with 1/2 teaspoon of this cannabutter. Wait for 2 hours for the effect of cannabis to kick in, then assess how you feel and eat more only when you feel comfortable. This will give you a reference to how much of this cannabutter you can consume at a time. If you tolerate small amount very well, you can gradually increase the amount of cannabutter you consume in the future.
When using this cannabutter in other edible recipes, I recommend aiming for each serving to contain 1/2 teaspoon to 2 teaspoons of cannabutter. 1/2 teaspoon of cannabutter in a single serving should have a very mild effect on most people. But some people can eat up to 4 teaspoons of the cannabutter from their edibles. For example, there is 1/2 teaspoon of cannabutter in each square of my cannabis chocolate, and I recommend eating between 1 and 8 squares depending on your tolerance level.
When making baked goods, replace butter with cannabutter in your favourite baking recipes. Although many baking recipes have 1/2 to 2 teaspoons of butter in a single serving (ie. 1 cookie or 1 brownie), some do not fall into this range. Check the recipe to make sure the substitution amount of cannabutter per serving is suitable for your tolerance level.