Are you exploring the effects and benefits of CBG and how it compares with CBD? Extract Labs explains what is CBG exactly alongside a distinction of CBD vs. CBG. Learn more! Here is the low down about CBG and CBD. What is CBG good for? You’ll learn more when you read this informative article with the best 6 products featur
CBD vs CBG: The Differences
CBG, or cannabigerol, is the latest cannabinoid (other than CBD and THC) to attract attention. CBG and CBD are thought to have many similarities—they both interact with the endocannabinoid system and are thought to have a multitude of benefits. But CBG is more abundant in young plants, where CBD is prevalent in adult hemp.
Because they are so similar, consumers are wondering what’s the deal… is one better than the other? This post explores CBG in-depth and gives a detailed look at the differences between the two.
The Mother Cannabinoid
What Is CBG?
CBG is referred to as “the mother cannabinoid” because it births all other cannabinoids. All cannabinoids start as CBGa before they break down into THCa, CBDa, CBCa. Eventually, these acidic forms turn into THC, CBD, CBC, etc., when exposed to heat or ultraviolet light.
Because CBGa converts into all these other cannabinoids, fully mature plants only contain low concentrations of CBGa. Adult hemp plants consist of only about 1 percent CBG as opposed to around 20 percent CBD. It’s the main reason CBG isn’t as widely known or as readily abundant as CBD.
The difference between cbd and cbg
CBD vs CBG
CBG and CBD parallel in many ways, but each is thought to possess nuanced characteristics as well. Both cannabinoids are non-psychoactive, unlike THC, and they both interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system. The ECS is a recently-discovered cell-signaling system located throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems. It consists of endocannabinoids, receptors the cannabinoids bind to, and enzymes that break the cannabinoids down to elicit a bodily response. Just like how a caffeinated cup of coffee boosts focus or a sugary cupcake can create a happy feeling in the brain, each endocannabinoid creates its own response in the ECS.
Though it is not fully understood, it is believed that the ECS plays a role in regulating sleep, mood, memory, appetite, and reproduction. Both CBD and CBG interact with the receptors CB1 and CB2 and are thought to be anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and have the potential to balance mood and anxiety. However, CBG and CBD have slightly different molecular structures that may result in different behavior. A major difference in CBD vs CBG boils down to the amount of research at our disposal. From the available studies, we know that CBG offers potential uses that slightly differ from CBD, such as treating Inflammatory Bowel Disease and glaucoma.
How does CBG make you feel
Individuals who are considering CBG may wonder: How does CBG make you feel? lthough CBG does not make you feel intoxicated, it may create a feeling of happiness due to its cognitive effects.
Unlike CBD, CBG does not produce a feeling of sedation or drowsiness. Many people report enhanced alertness and focus. That said, it’s important to know that how CBG makes a person feel depends on a variety of factors such as dosage, body weight , health, physiology , and other genetic and environmental influences.
Despite the fact that the CBG effects vary from individual to individual, studies show that CBG tends to produce a mild euphoria similar to the runner’s high, as opposed to a psychoactive or mind-altering high like with exercise, CBG triggers the release of anandamide, aka the bliss molecule, which enhances mood in a natural manner.
Similar to CBD, CBG is an anti-inflammatory that offers relief from pain and soreness. When considering purchasing CBD vs. CBG, we suggest CBG for cognitive support and CBD for general daily support. CBG may also be better for mental sharpness where CBD has more relaxation potential.
What we know so far
Here is a list of what we know so far in the research realm of CBG.
- In mice experiments, CBG was studied to explore its potential to treat inflammatory bowel disease and showed promising results.
- A 2015 study found CBG protects neurons in mice with Huntington’s disease, a nerve cell degeneration brain disorder. in mice as well. According to this study, CBG slowed down tumors and chemically-induced colon carcinogenesis.
- European research showed evidence that CBG is an effective antibacterial agent, particularly against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) microbial strains resistant to several classes of drugs. Since the 1950s, topical formulations of cannabis have been effective in skin infections, but researchers at the time were unaware of the plant’s chemical composition.
- In a recent 2017 study in rats, researchers found a form of CBG as a useful appetite stimulant , without the intoxicating effects of THC. This may lead to a novel non-psychotropic therapeutic option for cachexia, muscle wasting and severe weight loss seen in late stage cancer and other diseases.
- In a study that looked at the effects of five different cannabinoids on bladder contractions, CBG tested best at inhibiting muscle shrinking , so it may be a future tool in preventing bladder dysfunction disorders.
- CBG has also shown to reduce pressure in the eyes caused by glaucoma .
Cannabinoid price differences
Why is CBG More Expensive?
The most obvious difference consumers may notice is the price tag. CBG is significantly more expensive than CBD. In the hemp industry, raw plant material is used to extract CBD and all other cannabinoids. Large quantities of hemp are dissolved in a liquid, such as carbon dioxide, to retrieve the compounds. And producers need tons of biomass for very little extract. As mentioned, CBD is the most abundant hemp compound, around 20 percent of the plant’s composition compared to less than 1 percent of CBG. That means cultivators need 20 times the biomass to extract the same amount of CBG as a typical CBD yield.
Young plants contain a little bit more CBG than adults, around 5 percent. (Remember that an acidic form of cannabigerol is the starting place for all other plant compounds, so there is more CBGa when the plant is in its early stages.) So utilizing young plants results in a higher CBG yield, but not much more. This puts cultivators in a pickle. Harvesting young hemp plants to justify extracting a moderate amount of CBG sacrifices other potential compounds, and more of them, so most choose not to.
The large amount of plant material needed to extract CBG is handed down to the consumer, yet interest is growing, so basic supply-demand economics is also adding to the price. As a workaround, many companies add CBG extract to other CBD products. Meaning they blend oils from multiple plants. Though rare, a few companies work with farmers who developed high-potency CBG hemp strains (ahem, ahem… Extract Labs). This allows them to provide full spectrum CBG products at a more reasonable price.
CBG Isolate, CBG Oil and CBG Topicals
Like CBD products, CBG comes in a multitude of formats including CBG isolate, softgels, edibles, tinctures, and topicals.
Isolates are the only guaranteed THC free cannabinoid products because they are refined down into a single compound. CBG isolate is 99 percent pure cannabigerol. But while it is potent, the entourage effect does not apply. People who must avoid THC often prefer CBG isolate . It’s also desired due to its versatility and ease of use.
Just like CBD tinctures , CBG oil is blended with a carrier oil and is taken sublingually or mixed with food and drinks. Due to the availability of CBG, most CBG tinctures maintain a high dose of CBD as well.
Capsules are made from the same CBG tincture formula in a softgel casing. The only difference is CBG softgels may take longer to take effect since they must be digested. They are useful for travel and for those who do not like the taste of tinctures.
Like CBG tinctures, CBG topicals include a generous portion of CBD. They are made for the skin only and should be applied like any other CBD lotion or cream.
Effects from edibles tend to take longer and last longer than other methods. CBG edibles maintain a high amount of CBD and can be mixed into everything from chocolates, gummies and more.
CBG vs CBD: Full guide and 6 best items
Both CBG and CBD are the most common chemical compounds in hemp. They have been shown to have a wide range of medical applications when used alone, when combined with other cannabinoids, or when consumed in full-spectrum cannabinoid formulations.
In this post, we will explore both chemicals in detail to find out what they can do for your health and wellness.
What is CBG and CBD?
CBG and CBD are the two most prevalent chemical components of hemp. Both compounds belong to a group called cannabinoids, which give cannabis its medical and recreational properties.
Cannabinoids also exist within our bodies naturally; they’re responsible for regulating things like mood, pain sensation, appetite, and memory. The two main cannabinoids are THC and CBD.
CBD is the most abundant cannabinoid found in hemp. It is non-psychoactive (meaning it won’t get you high), has a wide range of medical applications, and is considered safe for consumption.
CBG, on the contrary, is only found during the blooming phase in the hemp plant. It has promising therapeutic properties, but it is difficult to find reliable CBG-rich products because of its short blooming window. Some people (such as Green Flower Botanicals) are even offering growing classes to help struggling farmers produce high-quality CBG medicine in larger quantities.
It’s worth noting that hemp contains a host of different cannabinoids, including THCV, CBN, CBC, and many more. These additional compounds also have impressive therapeutic potential. However, this article will mainly focus on THC and CBD because they have been most studied for their health applications.
What are the benefits of CBG vs CBD?
Before we dive into the differences between CBG and CBD, I’d like to share some of their most notable therapeutic benefits.
CBG and CBD are both non-psychoactive, so they don’t produce a “high.”
CBD is perhaps the most researched cannabinoid for its medical benefits. There is ample evidence to show that CBD may be able to help treat chronic pain conditions, neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, autoimmune conditions such as multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, schizophrenia, and other psychiatric disorders, hypertension, nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, digestive health conditions like Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Crohn’s Disease.
CBG is another cannabinoid with promising therapeutic applications. CBG is known to have antibacterial, antifungal, and antiparasitic properties. It has also shown promise as an anticancer compound that inhibits the growth of cancer cells. CBG is able to reduce inflammation without causing psychoactivity like THC does.
CBG vs CBD: What’s the difference?
Like I said before, CBG and CBD are the two most common cannabinoids in hemp. They’re found in much higher concentrations within the plant than THC is; however, they remain at very low levels during the blooming phase (when THC production is highest).
Now that you know what they do for your health, let’s talk about how they differ from each other.
CBG vs CBD: Structure and origins
Both cannabinoids have the same molecular formula C 21 H 30 O 2 , but they vary in their atomic arrangements. In CBG, -COOH groups are attached to the carbon atoms in a particular way that gives it a cyclohexene ring. In CBD, two hydrogen atoms are replaced by hydroxyl groups (-OH).
And where do these cannabinoids come from? If you’re talking about the cannabis strain, then the answer is simple: both are phytocannabinoids. They can only be found in hemp. If you’re talking about where they originate within your body, their chemical precursors are produced naturally within the human body, specifically in the cannabis sativa terpenophenol pathway.
What are CBG’s effects?
Cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) is the precursor to both THC and CBD. It is not psychoactive on its own. When it converts into CBG, however, some of its properties change while others remain the same.
CBG has antibacterial, antifungal, and antiparasitic properties. It also reduces inflammation without causing psychoactivity.
CBG vs CBD: How are they used?
Both cannabinoids have similar applications for health issues because they both reduce pain sensations in the brain. However, CBG is more effective than CBD for treating migraines and easing muscle soreness.
CBD may be better suited for reducing inflammation because it has less psychoactivity than CBG. It’s also more potent than CBG, which means you can use less of it to achieve the same effect.
Not only are their therapeutic properties different, but so are their side effects. CBG may produce dry mouth and increase heart rate while decreasing blood pressure. CBD, on the other hand, may cause tiredness and fatigue in some people.
And because of their different effects (and side effects), it’s recommended that you should not mix CBG with CBD or THC if you’re planning to use them for health purposes.
One final thing to keep in mind is that the FDA hasn’t approved either of these cannabinoids for their health claims yet. You should always consult with your doctor before using CBD or CBG, especially if you’re pregnant, breastfeeding, have a medical condition, are taking prescription medications, or plan on having surgery.
One last thing I want to talk about is the future of medical cannabis. The industry is predicted to grow exponentially in the coming years. And while CBD has been on a lot of people’s radar for its therapeutic applications, CBG holds a lot of potential as an anti-inflammatory agent and stimulant for cell regeneration.
But, while it may be more effective than CBD in treating certain conditions, CBG hasn’t achieved the same popularity as its sister cannabinoid. Most of the information online isn’t all that comprehensive because research on CBG is still limited to preclinical trials and lab tests.
Now that you know more about CBD vs CBD, it’s time to share the top 6 best items:
CBD vs CBG: Which is better?
It’s up to you. They both benefit the human body in different ways, but there are still many things scientists haven’t figured out yet. But don’t let that discourage you! Since the culture surrounding cannabis is still relatively new, it means there are lots of opportunities for researchers to do their jobs.
When you look at the research coming out about CBD, for example, it has shown promising results in treating anxiety and other mood disorders without major side effects. There are also studies that suggest CBD may help people who have epilepsy control their seizures.
As far as the difference between these two goes, while there’s not enough information to determine which is more effective, CBG still shows potential in treating conditions like cancer and irritable bowel syndrome. There’s also evidence that it can help treat migraines, hypertension, glaucoma, and other health issues.