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What is cbd oil stand for

Cannabidiol (CBD)-what we know and what we don’t

Cannabidiol (CBD) is often covered in the media, and you may see it touted as an add-in booster to your post-workout smoothie or morning coffee. You can even buy a CBD-infused sports bra. But what exactly is CBD? And why is it so popular?

How is cannabidiol different from marijuana, cannabis and hemp?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is the second most prevalent active ingredient in cannabis (marijuana). While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, a cousin of marijuana, or manufactured in a laboratory. One of hundreds of components in marijuana, CBD does not cause a “high” by itself. According to a report from the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”

Is cannabidiol legal?

CBD is readily obtainable in most parts of the United States, though its exact legal status has been in flux. All 50 states have laws legalizing CBD with varying degrees of restriction. In December 2015, the FDA eased the regulatory requirements to allow researchers to conduct CBD trials. In 2018, the Farm Bill made hemp legal in the United States, making it virtually impossible to keep CBD illegal – that would be like making oranges legal, but keeping orange juice illegal.

The Farm Bill removed all hemp-derived products, including CBD, from the Controlled Substances Act, which criminalizes the possession of drugs. In essence, this means that CBD is legal if it comes from hemp, but not if it comes from cannabis (marijuana) – even though it is the exact same molecule. Currently, many people obtain CBD online without a medical marijuana license, which is legal in most states.

The evidence for cannabidiol health benefits

CBD has been touted for a wide variety of health issues, but the strongest scientific evidence is for its effectiveness in treating some of the cruelest childhood epilepsy syndromes, such as Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), which typically don’t respond to antiseizure medications. In numerous studies, CBD was able to reduce the number of seizures, and, in some cases, stop them altogether. Epidiolex, which contains CBD, is the first cannabis-derived medicine approved by the FDA for these conditions.

Animal studies, and self-reports or research in humans, suggest CBD may also help with:

    Studies and clinical trials are exploring the common report that CBD can reduce anxiety.
  • Insomnia. Studies suggest that CBD may help with both falling asleep and staying asleep.
  • Chronic pain. Further human studies are needed to substantiate claims that CBD helps control pain. One animal study from the European Journal of Pain suggests CBD could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis when applied to skin. Other research identifies how CBD may inhibit inflammatory and neuropathic pain, which are difficult treat.
  • Addiction. CBD can help lower cravings for tobacco and heroin under certain conditions, according to some research in humans. Animal models of addiction suggest it may also help lessen cravings for alcohol, cannabis, opiates, and stimulants.
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Is CBD safe?

Side effects of CBD include nausea, fatigue and irritability. CBD can increase the level of blood thinning and other medicines in your blood by competing for the liver enzymes that break down these drugs. Grapefruit has a similar effect with certain medicines.

People taking high doses of CBD may show abnormalities in liver related blood tests. Many non-prescription drugs, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), have this same effect. So, you should let your doctor know if you are regularly using CBD.

A significant safety concern with CBD is that it is primarily marketed and sold as a supplement, not a medication. Currently, the FDA does not regulate the safety and purity of dietary supplements. So, you cannot be sure that the product you buy has active ingredients at the dose listed on the label. In addition, the product may contain other unknown elements. We also don’t know the most effective therapeutic dose of CBD for any particular medical condition.

How can CBD be taken?

CBD comes in many forms, including oils, extracts, capsules, patches, vapes, and topical preparations for use on skin. If you’re hoping to reduce inflammation and relieve muscle and joint pain, a topical CBD-infused oil, lotion or cream – or even a bath bomb — may be the best option. Alternatively, a CBC patch or a tincture or spray designed to be placed under the tongue allows CBD to directly enter the bloodstream.

Outside of the US, the prescription drug Sativex, which uses CBD as an active ingredient, is approved for muscle spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis and for cancer pain. Within the US, Epidiolex is approved for certain types of epilepsy and tuberous sclerosis.

The bottom line on cannabidiol

Some CBD manufacturers have come under government scrutiny for wild, indefensible claims, such that CBD is a cure-all for cancer or COVID-19, which it is not. We need more research but CBD may prove to be a helpful, relatively non-toxic option for managing anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain. Without sufficient high-quality evidence in human studies, we can’t pinpoint effective doses, and because CBD currently is typically available as an unregulated supplement, it’s hard to know exactly what you are getting.

If you decide to try CBD, make sure you are getting it from a reputable source. And talk with your doctor to make sure that it won’t affect any other medicines you take.

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What Does CBD Stand For?

CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is a naturally occurring cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant.

Cannabinoids are a class of chemical compounds that work in a similar way to neurotransmitters in the body. Cannabinoids don’t only exist in cannabis; they are also found in humans and other animals. All vertebrates produce cannabinoids, and those found in the human body are referred to as endocannabinoids.

With its recent rise in popularity, there has been a lot more interest surrounding CBD.

Endocannabinoids have a similar structure to the cannabinoids found in cannabis. This is how and why they can act within the system of the human body known as the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

We will explore this in more detail a little later. Understanding cannabidiol is the key to understanding how CBD products work and why the compound has captured the attention of so many scientists.

CBD: What Is It?

CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol. It’s one of the primary compounds found in the cannabis plant. After tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), an intoxicating compound, CBD is the second-most abundant cannabinoid in the cannabis plant. However, unlike THC, CBD is non-intoxicating – meaning it won’t make users feel high.

Cannabinoids are the molecules responsible for the cannabis plant’s medicinal and recreational properties. Today, there are over 100 known cannabinoids. THC is the best-known. It is most commonly used for its intoxicating properties.

On the other hand, CBD is associated with promoting an overall sense of calm. It may also help to bring the body back into balance.

More importantly, CBD could have numerous therapeutic benefits. These include anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, anti-anxiety, seizure-suppressant, and analgesic properties.

How Does CBD Work?

How CBD interacts with the body and brain is rather complicated. To date, scientists have found more than a dozen different ways that CBD affects us.

The benefits of CBD are likely due to the sum of its effects on several of the biological pathways, not just one in particular. However, a lot more research is required to fully understand how CBD helps with conditions such as seizures and anxiety.

CBD interacts directly with numerous components in the body and the central nervous system. A few of these are components of the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

While THC is an agonist of the CB1 receptors, CBD is an inverse agonist. This means it can block some of THC’s intoxicating effects that are enacted via that receptor.

In addition, our bodies consist of several other receptor proteins that work in the ECS, like GPR3, GPR6, TRPV1, and TRPV2. CBD binds to all of these, and many of its pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effects may occur through these pathways.

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CBD also does some very important work outside of the ECS. For example, it mildly activates one of the brain’s predominant serotonin receptors, 5-HT1A. This could explain why CBD is reportedly useful in the treatment of anxiety and depression.

CBD Product Types

There is a wide array of CBD products available on the market. Many brands offer CBD via tincture extracts, vape oils, oil concentrates, topicals, and pure hemp oil. You also often have the choice of various CBD-infused foods, like gummies, candy, or chocolates.

Tinctures and pure oils are administered sublingually. This means that you place the oil under the tongue and wait between 1–2 minutes to swallow it. On the other hand, vape liquids are inhaled using a special vape e-pen.

Which are the leading brands? …

You can also apply CBD topically. Skin and beauty products infused with CBD are all-natural and thought to be very good for the skin. Many athletes like using CBD salves for joint and muscle pain either before or after workouts. It helps to soothe aches and pains from vigorous exercise.

CBD Derived from Hemp vs. Marijuana

When a person is thinking about using CBD for the first time, they should know where it is sourced. CBD sourced from cannabis is very different from cannabidiol sourced from hemp. If you are considering CBD for the first time, please consult your physician or a CBD knowledgeable physician for more information.

CBD originating from hemp contains little to no THC, and therefore won’t make users intoxicated. However, when sourced from cannabis, CBD is found together with THC. The THC could cause an intoxicating effect – depending on how much of it is present in the final product.

CBD originating from hemp contains little to no THC, and therefore won’t make users intoxicated.

Currently, cannabis is illegal unless you are in a state that allows it for medical or recreational use. Hemp CBD, on the other hand, is legal in the majority of states. That is, as long as it’s properly sourced following regulations in the 2018 Farm Bill.

If you want to know if the CBD is sourced from cannabis or hemp, you will need to check the product label or inquire with the company. All reputable and trustworthy CBD companies publish certificates of analysis (COA) or lab reports for their products.

Final Thoughts on What CBD Stands for

While it is the abbreviation for cannabidiol, CBD also stands for a revolution in our view of health and wellness. Large populations of people are beginning to realize and utilize CBD for its benefits to bring balance to the body.